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New York State Guide

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New York is one of the most populous states and is located in the Mid Atlantic and Northeastern part of the United States. New York is bordered to the south by New Jersey and Pennsylvania and to the east by Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont and to the north lays the international border with the Canadian province of Quebec. New York State is also popularly nicknamed as the "Empire State". Albany is the capital of New York and the largest city is the New York City.

New York Fast Facts:

Capital city: Albany
Largest city: New York City
Sate Mammal: Beaver
Sate Bird: Eastern Bluebird
State Tree: Sugar Maple
State Flower: Rose
State Song:I Love New York
State Fossil: Sea Scorpion
Common Languages Spoken: English, Spanish, and Others

flowertreeApple birdImage source: http://www.dos.ny.gov/

History of New York

flagNew York's history dates back to the era when the first Native Americans settled in the state. The French led the European exploration of New York and the first land claim was made by the Dutch in the 17th century. The English had given the name New York to the colony after the Duke of York. In the 18th century, New York City became a major trading center and remained as New York’s capital in various times. In the late 18th century, the last British troops left New York City and marked the last British military position in the US. In April 20, 1777, New York adopted its first constitution. Albany became the permanent capital of New York in 1797 [1].

In the 19th century, New York progresses in transportation sector and established America's first regularly scheduled rail service. Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat covered a significant distance and its first voyage from New York to Albany that marked a new era in transportation. New York became a gateway to the United States for many Europeans during the 19th century. Before the Wall Street Crash, New York flourished during the 20th century.

history
Image source: http://www.dos.ny.gov

During the antebellum years, New York City expanded business with the South and cotton was the main exported item. In the early 19th century, New York outlawed slavery and as the Underground Railroad movement advances, many anti-slavery organizations were formed led by notable leaders such as Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, and John Brown. New York State played a significant role during the Civil War and also provided many thousands of soldiers to the Union armies. Many New Yorkers died in service during the war and has changed the state's economy. Following the war, after the war ended and the following years, the state witnessed major suburbanization. Additionally, another major transportation progress was made with the opening of the Thruway system.

New York City re-established its economy and became a cultural hub. In the later half of the 20th century, New York City became a media capital and operated many national news channels and broadcasts and globally–renowned newspapers. All these reformations had transformed New York State into a service industrial state and hence witnessed a decline in the state's manufacturing sector. In 1952, New York City became the permanent headquarters of the United Nations [2]. The opening of Erie Canal had made a huge impact in the expansion of many ports of New York and resulted in the establishment of several populous towns and cities across the state.

New York Timeline History

1700s:

1754 - 1763: The French and Indian War
1775 - 1783: The Revolutionary War
1777: New York's first constitution was adopted and George Clinton was elected as New York’s first Governor.
1783: The last British troops left New York City.
1785-1790: New York City became the first capital of the United States.

1800s:

1802: The US Military Academy opened at West Point.
1807: Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat traveled from New York to Albany.
1825: The Erie Canal opened
1850: Millard Fillmore who was born in Cayuga County was elected as the 13th President of the US.
1883: The Brooklyn Bridge, a great work of design and engineering, opened.
1886: The Statue of Liberty is gifted by the France to the United States in honor of the American Declaration of Independence in New York Harbor.
1899: The State Capitol at Albany was completed.

1900s:

1901: Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as the 26th president of the US.
1933: Franklin D. Roosevelt who was born near Hyde Park was sworn in as the 32nd President of the US.
1952: New York City became the permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
1977 and 1978: The New York Yankees won the World Series.
1993: A terrorist attack at the World Trade Center killed six people

2000s:

2000: Hillary Clinton was elected to the US Senate and became the first female senator to represent New York.
2001: On September 11, terrorist attacks destroyed the World Trade Center and killed nearly 3,000 people.
2011: New York became the sixth state in the nation to legalize same-sex marriage.


Geography of New York

New York Geographical Fast Facts:

Total Area: 47,126.40 square miles
Longitude: 71o 51′ W to 79o 46′ W
Latitude: 40o 30′ N to 45o 1′ N
Largest city: New York City
Highest point: Mount Marcy-5,344 ft (1628.85 m)
Mean point: 1,000 ft(304.8 m)
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean sea level
Area Under Forest: 18.9 million acres
Time Zone Mountain: Eastern-UTC -5/-4
New York is a state located in the Mid Atlantic and Northeastern part of the United States. New York is the 27th largest state in area, covering a total of 47,126.40 square miles [3] and is dominated by farms, forests, rivers, mountains, and lakes. The state is bordered to the north by Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Vermont to the east and to the north, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec bordered the state. The Atlantic Ocean borders New York to the southeast, and the Great Lakes, namely, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario to the west and the northwest.

Topography of New York

New York is located on the portion of the Appalachian Mountains system. There are three notable mountain masses in the state. New York's mountains are rocky, rough, precipitous, and not suitable for cultivation and also the mountain rocks are primitive or igneous in. There are three notable mountain masses in the state. In the extreme east, lies a continuation of the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia that makes its way to the state from New Jersey and runs northeast through Rockland and Orange counties to the Hudson River. The Blue Ridge range extends northerly into the Green Mountains of western Massachusetts and Vermont, known in New York as the Hudson Highlands.

The eastern New York mainly consists of the Great Appalachian Valley. The northern half is formed of the Lake Champlain Valley and the Hudson Valley covers its southern half. In west of the Lake
mapImage source: http://www.labor.ny.gov
Champlain Valley, there is the rugged Adirondack Mountains. The state's southern portion is dominated by the Allegheny plateau.

The western portion of the state extends to Lakes Ontario and Erie. The western part predominantly comprises of several rivers and bodies of water, namely Oneida Lake and the celebrated Finger Lakes. The state's northwest portion features the famous Niagara River, with its scenic Niagara Falls that borders with Ontario between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware systems drain the western part of the state. The western region is a home to many large, industrial cities such as Rochester, Buffalo, Syracuse, and Utica.

New York Mountain Ranges

The three major mountain ranges in New York are the Adirondack Mountains, the Catskill Mountains, and the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains.

The Adirondacks Mountains are a southern extension of the Laurentian Mountains of Canada and form an eroded dome comprising of over one hundred mountain peaks of varied altitudes, that are not connected and do not form a continuous range.

Some of the notable high peaks of the Adirondack mountains are-

Algonquin Peak
Mount Haystack
Mount Skylight
Whiteface Mountain
Dix Mountain
Gray Peak
Iroquois Peak
Macomb Mountain
Mount Marcy
Armstrong Mountain
Hough Peak
Basin Mountain
Gothics Mount Colden
Giant Mountain
Nippletop
Santanoni Peak
Mount Redfield
Wright Peak
Saddleback Mountain
Panther Peak
Table Top Mountain
Rocky Peak Ridge
.

New york peaks
Image source: http://www.dec.ny.gov

The Catskills are a mature sharp discontinuous plateau that extends eastward from the Allegheny Platea. They are located in the northwest of New York City and southwest of Albany. The Catskill Mountains are spread evenly and also low and rounded, and the mountain soils support cultivation and entirely covered by vegetation. Some of the notable high peaks of the Catskills include the Hunter Mountain, Black Dome, Thomas Cole, Blackhead, West Kill, Graham Mountain, Doubletop Mountain, Cornell Mountain, Table Mountain, Peekamoose Mountain, Plateau Mountain, Sugarloaf Mountain, Wittenberg Mountain, Southwest Hunter, Balsam Lake Mountain, Lone Mountain, Panther Mountain, Big Indian Mountain, Friday Mountain, Rusk Mountain, Slide Mountain, and Kaaterskill High Peak.

New York State's southern mountains form a part of the Appalachian Mountains. Some of the notable Ranges consists of Hudson Highlands, Joppenbergh Mountain, Ramapo Mountains, Marlboro Mountains, Millbrook Mountain, Shawangunk Ridge, Alander Mountain, Taconic Mountains, Berlin Mountain, Mount Raimer, Brace Mountain, and White Rock.

Mount Mary is the highest mountain peak in New York State with an elevation of 5,343 feet (1,629 m)[4]. The mountain is located as a core part of the Adirondack High Peaks Region and situated in the Town of Keene in Essex County. It is a very popular and sought for destination for hikers and vacationers.

New York Rivers and Lakes

Rivers in New York also form the major topography of the state. New York's watersheds, including rivers, lakes and streams are among the 17 major watersheds or drainage basins. The state's river system is divided into two general divisions, namely the tributaries that flow to the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River and the tributaries that extend in a southerly direction. The two river systems are separated by the watershed divide that runs irregularly eastward from Lake Erie to near the northeast corner of Chemung County and from here it flows to the extreme east of Lake George, and then extends to the east border of the state.

There are thousands of freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs in New York State, and is home to many thousand miles of rivers and streams. These water bodies are sources for drinking water, provide flood control, agriculture, Power generation, recreational activities, tourism, fishing, manufacturing and offer an extensive habitat for aquatic flora and fauna.

Some of the main watersheds in New York State include Upper Hudson River Watershed, Mohawk River Watershed, New York City Watershed, Chesapeake Bay Watershed, and Onondaga Lake Watershed.

The notable rivers that flow in New York State consist of Hudson River, Mohawk River, Genesee River,Niagara River, Delaware River, Susquehanna River, St. Lawrence River, and Mississippi River.

Rivers
Image source: http://www.dec.ny.gov

The Hudson River flows primarily through eastern New York through the Hudson Valley. The origin of the river is in Essex County, New York and drains into the Atlantic Ocean at New York City and North Jersey. The river marks a boundary between New York and New Jersey, and also between New York counties.

The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York and is the largest tributary of the Hudson River that merges into the Hudson few miles north of Albany.

The Delaware River originates in two branches in Catskill Mountains in New York. The river flows into Delaware Bay and from here it merges into the Atlantic Ocean around Cape May in Cape Henlopen and New Jersey in Delaware.

The Genesee River flows northerly across the Twin Tiers of New York and Pennsylvania and is one of the main tributary of Lake Ontario. The river is the main power source for the 19th century mills in the Rochester area and also serves as a major hydroelectric power source for Rochester's downtown areas.

The Niagara River flows northward from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario and serves as a part of the border between the Province of Ontario in Canada and New York State in the United States.

Forest in New York

Forests cover 18.9 million acres [5] of the total acres of New York State. Forests in New York offer major employment and livelihood to the people of the state and provide important economic resources and assist economic growth. Additionally, forests offer many recreational destinations for New Yorkers and tourists and also serve as an extensive habitat for many plants, animals and birds. New York's forests harvest million tons of pulpwood and wood chips.

Pine forestImage source: http://www.dec.ny.gov
The Finger Lakes National Forest is located in the Finger Lakes region between Seneca and Cayuga Lakes. The forest is conveniently located within a few hours drive from Rochester, Syracuse and Binghamton. The Finger Lakes National Forest offers rare habitat for wildlife and fruits production. The Forest's scenic beauty and its extensive recreational opportunities attract numerous visitors all round the year.

Contact Details:
231 North Main Street
Rutland, VT 05701
Phone: (802) 747 – 6700

Climate of New York

The Climate of New York state is varied and primarily humid continental. In the winter seasons during January and February, the temperatures drop to nearly below freezing. The annual average temperature across the state ranges from approximately 39oF (4oC) to near 53oF (12oC). Two continental air masses, namely southwestern warm and humid mass and cold, dry mass from the northwest accelerate the weather in New York.

The major urbanization and the significant use of vehicles in mass transit has resulted in reduction of greenhouse gas emission and causes temperatures hike overnight in all seasons. The New York City experiences a humid subtropical climate unlike the rest of the New York State. The temperatures in New York City are generally 5-7 degrees Fahrenheit (3-4 degrees Celsius) warmer overnight in all seasons than any surrounding areas.

The state experiences precipitation from fall through spring and rainfall is mainly due to extra tropical cyclones. The State also experiences thunderstorms from Canada and the Great Lakes during the summer, snow fall around Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes region, tropical cyclones from the southwest during the summer and fall and Hurricane occurs once in 18–19 years.

Contact Details:
Office of Climate Change
625 Broadway, Ninth Floor
Albany, NY 12233-1030
Phone: 518-402-8448

Demographics of New York

The population of New York as of 2013 estimation by the U.S. Census Bureau was 19,651,127. The 2013 census reflected a hike of 1.4% since the year 2010. New York was the third 3rd largest state in population in the United States, according to the U.S Census Bureau, 2013. As of 2010, the population density of the state is 411.2 persons per square mile. New York's center of population is situated in Orange County, Deerpark town [6]. New York State's major racial groups include Italian American, African American, Hispanic, Irish, German, English, and Polish.

New York State population quick facts according to the Census Bureau [7]
  • Population, 2013: 19,651,127
  • Population, 2010 (April 1): 19,378,105
  • Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013: 1.4%
  • Population, 2010: 19,378,102
  • Persons under 5 years, percent, 2013: 6.0%
  • Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013: 21.6%
  • Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013: 14.4%
  • Female persons, percent, 2013: 51.5%

New York Racial and Ancestral groups, 2013
[8]
  • White alone: 70.9%
  • Black or African American alone: 17.5%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone: 1.0%
  • Asian alone: 8.2%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone: 0.1%
  • Two or More Races: 2.3%
  • Hispanic or Latino: 18.4%
  • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino: 57.2%

The common languages spoken in New York include Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Italian, French Creole, Yiddish, French, Polish, Korean, and Bengali. The major religion followed in the state are Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, Buddhists, and other groups with no religious affiliation.

New York Health Care

The New York Department of Health works efficiently to improve the health and living standards of the community by implementing many health regulating services and policies. Hospitals in New York are well equipped with technologically advanced facilities, efficiently staffed and provide comprehensive inpatient care. Several organizations in New York are dedicated to provide organ, blood and tissue to those in need. The organizations are dedicated to meet the transplant needs of the people of New York. Donate Life New York State is the state-authorized non profit organization that is committed to provide and manage the organ, eye and tissue donations to the people in need and help save as many lives as possible.

New York State offers multiple range of health plans and policies for the citizens to avail low-cost insurance coverage. The people of the state may apply for monetary assistance to assist in paying the coverage. Several health insurance programs are available from which the New Yorkers may choose.

Economy of New York

Several sectors play a vital role in the economic growth of New York State. Major sectors that contribute immensely include printing and publishing, agriculture, mass communications, advertising and entertainment, and tourism. New York’s per capita income Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2006 was $ 46,617 and ranked 4th in the United States [9]. The real GDP growth in New York state was $1,173,487 in 2012 [10]. The total Per capita personal income of the state was $42,392 in 2006 [11]. New York recorded an unemployment rate of 5.8 % in 2014, a decrease of 1.0 % from 2013. [12].

The top ten Private sector employers in New York, 2013: [13]
  • Columbia University
  • Cornell University
  • JPMorgan Chase Bank
  • Montefiore Hospital & Medical Center
  • Mount Sinai Hospital
  • North Shore-LIJ Health System
  • New York-Presbyterian University Hospital
  • University of Rochester
  • Walmart
  • Wegmans Food Markets
New York is agriculturally rich state with the exception of that of the mountainous areas. Apple is one of the leading produce of New York. The Finger Lakes and Long Island region is home to orchards producing apples and also features several vineyards. Some of the other major produce of the state include grapes, cherries, pears, strawberries, onions, potatoes and also maple syrup is extracted in the state. New York is the third leading producer of dairy products in the United States. Mineral resources of New York are crushed stone, zinc, cement, and salt.

New York State's major employers include the service sector, manufacturing sectors such as printed materials, apparel, machinery, paper, electrical equipment, chemicals, computer equipment, optical instruments and cameras, food products, sporting goods, and transportation equipment. Long Island still encompasses aircraft plants and Brookhaven National Laboratory, a research center.

Agriculture in New York

vegetables grape fruitImage source:
http://www.agriculture.ny.gov
  • The top five agricultural products of New York are dairy products, apples, greenhouse and nursery products, cattle and calves, and hay.

  • Some of the main farm produce include cabbages, onions, snap beans, squash, cucumbers, maple syrup, oats, wheat, potatoes, soybeans, green peas, sweet corn and tomatoes.

  • New York is one of the top producers of apple in the nation. Other major fruit produce are grapes, cherries and peaches.

  • Field crop produce include hay and corn, mainly utilized and important for feeding New York's livestock.

  • New York is among the third largest producers of dairy products in the nation.

  • Other important livestock products include beef cattle, retired dairy cattle, eggs, poultry, hogs and sheep.


Learn more on: New York Department of Agriculture

Service Sectors in New York

  • New York's most significant service sectors are finance, insurance and real estate.These leading industry groups are based in New York.

  • New York City is the major financial hub of the nation and leads the New York Stock Exchange.

  • The community, business and personal service sectors, including private health care, accounting firms, management consulting firms, law firms, advertising agencies, entertainment companies and personnel agencies are ranked second in the services industry.

  • The wholesale sector such as clothing, groceries, grain, petroleum, jewelry, and retail sector such as automobile dealerships, food stores, restaurants, and the trade sector are ranked third in the services industry.

Manufacturing Sectors in New York

  • In manufacturing sectors, New York is the top manufacturing state. The state manufactures varied products including pharmaceuticals goods, machinery, computer chips and many more.

  • The state is the top manufacturer of pharmaceutical chemicals, photographic chemicals, industrial chemicals, film and paper, soaps, paint, plastics and agricultural pesticides and fertilizers.

  • Manufacture of machinery such as industrial equipment, photographic and photocopying equipment and refrigeration equipment are ranked second among the state's manufacturing sectors.

  • Computer and electronic products are ranked third in the manufacturing sector.

  • The other valuable products in manufacturing sector include computer components and microchips, surveillance equipment and navigation equipment and communications equipment.

Mining in New York

  • The mining sectors of New York are mainly located in three areas, namely, around New York City, the Adirondack Mountains and the Allegheny Plateau in the south western part of New York.

  • The valuable and important mined products of New York include crushed limestone, salt and sand and gravel.
    mineImage source: http://www.nyserda.ny.gov


  • New York is one of the country's top producers of zinc and garnets.

  • New York boast of being the lone state in the nation that produces wollastonite. This product is mainly used as heat-resistant ceramics and paint's fillers.

  • Additionally other valuable products mined in the state are clays, natural gas, lead, silver, peat, and talc.

Exports in New York

  • Some of New York's major exported items are foodstuffs, manufactured goods, cut diamonds, commodities, minerals, and automobile parts.

  • As of 2014, New York's top five export markets were Canada, United Kingdom, Japan, Israel, and Switzerland. Canada has stand out as one of the significant economic partner of New York.

  • The leading imported items of New York include oil, gold, electricity, rough diamonds, aluminum, natural gas, and lumber.

Tourism in New York

Tourism is also a principal part of New York State’s economy and is one of the largest employers of the state. Many plans and programs are implemented to improve California’s transportation network and accordingly enhance the tourism sector.

vacation spots
Image source: http://www.dec.ny.gov

Some of the major tourist destinations to explore in New York include -
  • New York City with finest arts and history, museums and galleries, fine cuisine, fashions couture and clothes, broad-way shows, boat cruises and cultural attractions.

  • Long Island with its scenic beaches, world class golf, cultural attractions, and seaport towns.

  • The Hudson Valley is a historic site with museums, county fairs, antiques, famous Hudson Valley festivals.

  • The Erie Canal with many interesting events and activities in the beautiful Finger Lakes.

  • The beautiful Catskills where the whole family enjoy nature, sports and recreational activities like skiing and snow boarding.

  • The beautiful Adirondacks where you can enjoy kayak, canoe, swimming, white water rafting and fishing in miles of rivers and lakes.

  • Explore Central New York that is rich in historical folklore. Additionally, one can explore the Howe Caverns, Turning Stone Casino, museums, the Baseball Hall of Fame, golfing and enjoy antiquing.

  • The Capital-Saratoga region with is magnificent architect, cultural events.

  • The beautiful Thousand Islands to view the islands and rejuvenate.

  • Buffalo, presenting its proud sports heroes, exciting buffalo wings and features many gourmet restaurants, theatre, zoos, theme parks, and great shopping.

  • The natural wonders of the world famous and scenic Niagara Falls.

  • Chautauqua-Allegheny that presents the beautiful vineyards and fruit orchards, concerts, opera, museums, parks, and many beatiful villages.

Government of New York

The Government of New York is guarded and established by the New York State Constitution. The government of New York is divided into three distinct branches, namely the Executive branch (Governor of New York, Constitutionally elected officers and state agencies), the Legislative branch (the House of Representatives and the Senate) and the Judicial branch (Court of Appeal and lower courts).

capitol of New York

The New York Executive branch is a well functioning body of the government of Washington and several state government department work under the executive branch. The branch consists of the Governor of New York, Constitutionally elected officials and the Governor's cabinet. The other elected officers include the Lieutenant Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney-General, and the Comptroller.

The Constitutionally elected Officers of New York Executive branch include-
  • Governor: Andrew M. Cuomo, is the 56th and current Governor of New York State, since November 4, 2014.

  • Lieutenant Governor: Kathleen Courtney "Kathy" Hochul is the 77th and current Lieutenant Governor of the State of New York, since January 2015.

  • Attorney General: Eric Schneiderman is the 65th and current Attorney General of New York State, since January 2011.

  • Comptroller: Thomas P. DiNapoli is the 54th and current Comptroller of the state of New York, since February, 2007.

The New York State Legislature
is the body of the state government of New York which is divided into New York State Assembly and New York State Senate.

The New York State Assembly consists of 150 elected members, each representing an equal number of districts. The New York State Senate is the upper house of the state legislature and consists of 63 state senators, each senator is elected for four-year terms with no term limits.

The New York State Unified Court System applies and interprets laws and regulations to ensure justice in the state. The judicial system of Washington is served by numerous efficient professionally trained judges. The New York City Courts form the largest local court system and is managed and administered by the Chief Judge of New York Court of Appeal, the Administrative Board of the Courts, the Chief Administrative Judge and numerous other agencies. The New York Court system is composed of the appellate courts and the trial courts (the superior courts and the inferior courts).

New York Taxation

The New York State taxation and revenue is administered and overseen by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (NYSDTF). The department attends to the tax payers’ needs and expectations and focuses in educating the people on taxation. The department manages state and local taxes and fees and assists in fraud detection. The Department's division called the New York State Office of Tax Enforcement administers audit, collections, resolve protests and errors and criminal investigations.

Learn more: New York Government

Education in New York

The University of the State of New York (USNY) and its division, the New York State Education Department administer and superintends the functioning of all primary, public, mid-level, and secondary education in the state. The public school system in New York City is managed by the New York City Department of Education and is the largest school district in the nation.

University
Image source: http://www.nysed.gov/

The State University of New York (SUNY) is the statewide public university system for the post secondary level. The SUNY system comprises of over 50 community colleges, undergraduate colleges, technical colleges, and PhD granting institutions and several universities. New York State ranked second in the nation with over 300 degree-granting institutions. The City University of New York is New York City's own University which is financially assisted by the city.

The important SUNY university centers that offer varied and extensive academic programs include the University at Buffalo, University at Albany, Binghamton University, and Stony Brook University.

Listed below are some of New York’s notable and important degree granting institutions

Bard College
Clarkson University
Canisius College
Colgate University
Columbia University
Cooper Union
Cornell University
Culinary Institute of America
Dominican College
Elmira College
Fordham University
Hamilton College
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Hofstra University
Ithaca College
Manhattanville College
New York Institute of Technology
Pace University
Polytechnic Institute of NYU
Pratt Institute
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)
Rockland Community College
Sarah Lawrence College
Skidmore College
St. John's University
St. Lawrence University
Syracuse University
Union College
University of Rochester
Utica College
Vassar College
New York University
Marist College


Transportation of New York

The New York Department of Transportation oversees roads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and airways in the U.S. state of New York. The department administers and manages the state’s highways, freeways, railways, airports, hospital heliports and implement primary programs to improve accessibility and convenient mobility with cities across New York and also with neighboring states. New York’s transportation network is one of the most extensive and oldest infrastructures in the nation.

roads
Image source: https://www.dot.ny.gov

The road transportation in New York state comprises of several interstate highways, state routes, bridges and tunnels. The New York State Department of Transportation is focused to provide safe and convenient transportation and also to provide easy connectivity to various cities and states. The department administers and maintains numerous state highways, bridges and also handles numerous projects for better transportation network within the state.

The New York State Department of Transportation's Bicycle Program oversees all the cycling routes in New York State to promote safe and fun bicycle ride. The main mission and goal of the scenic highway program is to safeguard and improve the natural scenic beauty of the highways of New York State including its adjacent corridors.

New York State Air Transportation is a major mode that offers all round efficient and easy intercity and interstate connectivity. The Federal Aviation Administration authorizes and oversees all flight operations in New York State. New York State presents extensive airport system, including 18 commercial service airports, 110 general aviation airports, 5 heliports, and 8 seaplane bases.

The railways is also one of the main transportation modes in New York that serves people from all walks of life and also important for cargo transfer. The various types of rail-related public transportation include commuter rail, heavy rail, and light rail. Amtrak is the lone passenger rail service provider that connects all major cities in New York State. Commuter railroads include Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad.
Railroads of New York (RONY) operates the freight rail industry in New York State

The New York Waterways serve the state in passenger and cargo movements. Several major ports offer a huge business opportunities and help in the economic strengthening of the state. The Port of New York and New Jersey is the largest port on the East Coast, and the third-largest in the nation and is one of the biggest hubs of consumer markets in the world.

Learn more: New York Transportation

New York Health Care

The New York Department of Health works efficiently to improve the health and living standards of the community by implementing many health regulating services and policies. The health department also has its sub divisions which provide all vital records and health statistics of the people of the state. The health department also focuses on community and environmental health so that people lives a healthy life.

New York State offers multiple range of health plans and policies for the citizens to avail low-cost insurance coverage. The people of the state may apply for monetary assistance to assist in paying the coverage. Several health insurance programs are available from which the New Yorkers may choose.

Medicaid is a program initiated by the New York State especially for those individuals who cannot afford to pay for medical care or coverage. The eligibility criteria to qualify for Medicaid is determined based on Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Rules and on certain factors, such as individual’s high medical bills, he/she receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and meets certain financial requirements.

The Office of Vital Records maintains a uniform system of registration and manages all appropriate copies of vital records, including birth, death, still birth certificates, marriage certificates, divorce certificates, fetal death and all related events registered and occurred in New York State.

New York City birth certificates cannot be filed or issued by the New York State Department of Health. The certificates can be obtained through the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Learn more: New York Health Care

Interesting Facts about New York:

  • New York State's three emblems are Device of Arms (or the coat of arms), the Great Seal and the State Flag.
    gem of NYImage source: http://www.dos.ny.gov

  • New York's State Motto is Excelsior (Ever Upwards).

  • The dinosaur fossils found in New York is Coelophysis.

  • Nine-spotted ladybug (ladybird beetle)is the state insect.

  • State gem is the dark red colored garnet.

  • State fossil is Eurypterus remipes.




References:
  1. Albany was designated as New York's Capital
  2. New York City became the Headquarter of UN
  3. New York Total Land Area
  4. Mount Mary
  5. New York Forest
  6. New York Demographics
  7. New York Population Quick Facts
  8. New York Racial Groups
  9. New York's GDP
  10. New York's Real GDP Growth
  11. New York's Per Capita Personal Income
  12. New York's Unemployment Rate
  13. Top ten Private Sector Employers in New York
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